Every Bird Matters
news and views from international bird rescue

Posts Tagged ‘North Pacific Gyre’

April 18, 2010

Behold the Sargasso Sea Garbage Patch

Just in time for Earth Day: The 5 Gyres Project has news and videos of even more plastic trash circulating in the North Atlantic Ocean. The researchers found a soup of garbage in the Sargaso Sea – an area from Bermuda to the Azores Island – that contained stew of floating trash similar to the so-called Great Pacific Garbage Patch.

North Atlantic Garbage Patch from 5 Gyres on Vimeo.

Charles Moore of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation in Long Beach, CA claims that “Humanity’s plastic footprint is probably more dangerous than its carbon footprint.”

Moore is credited with discovering the Pacific garbage patch in 1997. He says the Atlantic Ocean contain as much or more plastic debris. Because the Atlantic is stormier, debris there most likely have been diffused, he said.

Algalita is one of the sponsors of this latest scientific efforts.

The industrial world generates large amounts of plastic debris that end up in the oceans: odd pieces of plastics thrown carelessly overboard, fishing lines and nets, container ship losses and all the junk carried by rivers and streams into the ocean.

These debris are a hazard to shipping and especially to marine life. Here at IBRRC we receive many injured birds each year caught in fishing line.

Also high levels of plastic debris has been found in seabirds (Albatross, Sooty-Shearwaters etc.) gizzards.

What we know

• Plastic water bottles take 450 years to decompose
• Fishing lines and nets can take up to 600 years to decompose.
• Plastic bags or balloons in the ocean are dangerous. (They can look like a jellyfish meal to a sea turtle)

What we all can do:

• Reduce your use of disposable plastic products
• Reuse and recycle what you can.
• Buy reuseable grocery bags to cut down on plastic bag use.
• Tell others about the dangers of marine debris.
• Pick up litter.
• Volunteer for beach and stream clean-ups.
• Remind others not release balloons into the atmosphere.

Read more

San Francisco Chronicle: A 2nd garbage patch: Plastic soup seen in Atlantic

The 5 Gyres Project

September 12, 2009

Project Kaisei probes Pacific Ocean "Plastic Vortex"

A another new study is under way to document the planet’s largest known floating garbage dump, called the Plastic Vortex or ocean gyre. It’s located about 1,000 miles northeast of Hawaii.

Using two boats, the Project Kaisei examined the largest area of plastic garbage situated approximately five days by boat from San Francisco. The tangle of plastic thought to be a sea of debris roughly twice the size of the state of Texas.

The expedition consisted of a large pass through the trash with the aim to collect and study plastic and other debris littering the ocean. The effort will be used to showcase new technologies that will be used for processing and recycling the plastic.

The “Plastic Vortex,” or what is sometimes referred to as the “garbage patch,” is within an area that is technically referred to as the the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone. This area does not have rigid physical boundaries, and varies seasonally in both size and position.

Why is the Plastic Vortex a problem?

It is estimated that over 60% of the plastic and other wastes (including rubber and aluminum) in the ocean come from land-based sources, and once in the sea, they are at the mercy of the confluence of tides, currents and winds because they are buoyant. Over time through exposure to the sun and heat, some plastic materials can disintegrate into ever smaller pieces due to weather and UV impact.

The plastic debris leave their ugly mark on marine life. Birds injest the plastics and become entangled in other debris. The plastic residue is probably entering the human food chain.

According to press reports, Project Kaisei is a commercial endeavor, funded in part by international recycling companies that would like to find ways to captialize on the recycling this huge problem. More info

Also see:

IBRRC website: Birds and plastics

California Coastal Cleanup Day: Sept. 19, 2009

January 14, 2008

Trashed: The oceans as a dumping ground

Forget global warming, oil spills, the mess in the Middle East and anything else that troubles you. Look to the oceans for something you should really be worried about: Trash.

Yes, the refuse from our modern life is floating around the world’s oceans and washing up on our beaches just to remind us that we’re some of the biggest pigs in the universe.

In the Pacific Ocean experts even have named an area for it: “The Great Pacific Garbage Patch.” The trash in this area collects due to a clockwise trade wind that circulates along the Pacific Rim. The area in the North Pacific Gyre accumulates garbage the same way foam gathers at the center of hot tub.

Disposal lighters, fishing line, plastic toys, fast food containers litter the ocean affecting birds and other marine life. The garbage beaches itself too, (see photo above) causing peril to pelicans and shorebirds that get tangled in the trash or injest the plastic items thinking that it may be food.

See: How ocean trash affects birds

Also see SF Chronicle story: Feds want to survey, possibly clean up vast garbage pit in Pacific

Photo by Paulo Von Borries. Brown pelican at San Gabriel River in Seal Beach, CA.